Are you considering making the switch to an electric vehicle (EV) this year? If so, you're in luck! The IRS has just released its latest guidance on the electric vehicle tax credit for 2023, shedding light on how you can benefit from this enticing incentive. In this blog, we'll break down the key aspects of the electric vehicle tax credit and explain how it can work for you.
Understanding the Electric Vehicle Tax Credit 2023
After months of anticipation, the IRS has unveiled its proposed regulations for the electric vehicle tax credit in 2023. This credit aims to encourage the adoption of cleaner transportation options and support the growth of the EV market.
The electric vehicle tax credit is available for qualifying fully electric cars, plug-in hybrid EVs (PHEVs), and fuel cell vehicles. Here are four ways you can potentially take advantage of this credit:
1. Purchase an EV and Claim the Clean Vehicle Credit
2. Lease an EV and Benefit from the Lessor's EV Discount
3. Purchase a Used EV That Qualifies for the Used EV Tax Credit
4. Purchase an EV for Business Use and Claim the Commercial Clean Vehicle Tax Credit
Clean Vehicle Credit Explained
The new clean vehicle credit became effective on January 1, 2023, and will remain in place until 2032. This credit, with a maximum value of $7,500, can be claimed for EVs used for personal, business, or both purposes.
While the credit is non-refundable when the EV is used for personal driving, it becomes part of the general business credit when the vehicle is used for business purposes. This means that if your EV is primarily used for business driving, you can carry the credit back for three years or forward for 20 years.
To qualify for the 2023 credit, you need to meet three main criteria:
1. Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI) Limit: Your MAGI must not exceed certain limits based on your filing status.
2. Manufacturer's Suggested Retail Price (MSRP) Cap: The purchase price of your EV must not exceed specific caps based on the type of vehicle.
3. Domestic Assembly and Components Rules: The final assembly of the EV must occur within North America.
The IRS's proposed regulations also clarify that only one credit is allowed per EV, even if spouses file separately and both meet the MAGI limit.
Leasing an EV: The Backdoor Approach
If finding an EV that qualifies for the credit seems challenging, or if your income is too high to qualify, consider leasing an EV from a leasing company. The leasing company can claim a commercial clean vehicle tax credit for each EV it purchases and pass on the benefit to you in the form of reduced leasing costs.
This alternative is a viable option and is in line with IRS regulations, provided the lease is a true lease and not a disguised sale.
Purchasing a Used EV
Purchasing a used EV also offers an opportunity to benefit from the tax credit. While used EVs are exempt from certain rules that apply to new ones, the credit has several limitations, including income caps and restrictions on vehicle age and purchase price.
Claiming the Commercial Clean Vehicle Tax Credit
If you're considering purchasing an EV for business use, you can qualify for the commercial clean vehicle tax credit. This credit is available for both battery EVs and PHEVs used for business purposes.
The credit amount depends on the vehicle's basis and its use for business. The commercial clean vehicle credit is not subject to critical minerals or battery component rules, making it easier to qualify for compared to the clean vehicle credit.
Claiming Your EV Credit
To claim the electric vehicle tax credit, you must ensure that the seller completes a seller's report and provides you with a copy. The credit will be allowed on the tax return of the owner listed on the seller's report. You'll also need to file the appropriate IRS form along with your tax return.
The electric vehicle tax credit for 2023 presents a valuable opportunity for those looking to transition to cleaner and more sustainable transportation. By understanding the qualifying criteria and the various ways to benefit from the credit, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your financial goals and driving needs. As the EV market continues to evolve, taking advantage of these incentives can contribute to a greener future while putting money back in your pocket.
You can reach our CEO and Owner Peter Ellefson anytime at Peter@eplfs.com
Disclaimer: Laws and regulations are subject to change, and readers are advised to consult EPL advisors for personalized advice and compliance with specific state requirements. This information is not specific advice and is meant for general education.